Endangered Animal Species That Would Be Declared Extinct By The Year 2020

 

 

Introduction

To fit the changing ecological system, new species evolve, and old species die. Of all the organisms that lived on Earth, more than 90 percent are now extinct. However, the rate of extinction is not constant. In the ecological blink of the eye, more than 90 percent of the species have vanished in the last 500 million years. Because of human activities, the animal species are undergoing a biological extinction (Arnold, 2018). The extinction levels are found to be 1000 times higher than they are expected. Research shows that 1 out of 200 species of insects, plants, mammals, and birds disappear in every 24 hours from the Earth. Animals that face extinction due to mass extinction are listed in the list of International Union for Conservation (IUCN). Some of the animal species are listed below:

  1. Pika

A small mammal Ili pika that is only 7 to 8 inches in length is the native of Tianshan mountain range of China’s remote Xinjiang region. It lives on the slopes of bare rocks and feeds on grass. It is a rare animal as less than 1000 of this species is left. They were discovered in 1983; however, after that, they have decreased by 70 percent. The reason for this is the climate change that has adversely affected the habitat of this mammal. Due to the increase in temperature, they have moved to the top of the mountains. Furthermore, the air pollution has also contributed to their near extinction status. (Donovan,2018).

Figure 1 Ili Pika

Source: National Wildlife Federation

 

  1. Giant Otter

The giant otter is only found in South America. It is considered the largest otter in the world as some of them are 6 feet long. Historically, hunting of giant otters was for their pelts. That resulted in their massive reduction. Although this animal is not hunted today, they are still endangered as most of their aquatic habitats are destroyed that results in the decrease in their food, i.e., fish population. The gold- mining in the region is also a significant threat to them as it leads to mercury poisoning.

 

 

Figure 2 Giant Otter

Source: Science News

  1. Amur Leopard

One of the most endangered wild cats in the world is Amur Leopard. It has long and dense hair with a thick yellow coat. It can weigh up to 120 pounds and can jump more than 19 feet. The running speed of this animal is up to 37 miles per hours. This creature is now only found in Amur River basin of Eastern Russia, and according to WWF, only 60 wild Amur Leopards are left (Cherian,2017).

Figure 3 Amur Leopard

Source: Chicago Zoological Society

  1. Darwin’s Fox

This animal was found in 1834 by famous scientist Charles Darwin and has also was named after him. This carnivorous creature is found in two places in Chile, i.e., the island of Chiloe and the Nahuelbuta National Park. It is dark in color and has short legs. This creature becomes active at dawn and twilight. They are considered as “Umbrella Species” which means that protecting this creature and its habitat will help in protecting the whole ecosystem. Hunting, loss of habitat and the non-native species such as domestic dogs are the main threats to this creature as per IUCN (Berke, 2018).

Figure 4 Darwin’s Fox

Source: BioGraphics

WWF has asked the governments and people to do their part in minimizing the pollution. The countries can bring a change by reducing their carbon footprints, using the online carbon footprint calculators available. People should also avoid buying anything that is made from materials which are a reason for threats to the endangered species (Carrington, 2018).

 

Help our planet: steps for protecting the environment

Why should we care about our environment? On the last post, we talked about the factors that are ending with our species. We are responsible for the majority of the problems that are affecting our world today and many of us don’t know what to do to make things better. Today we’ll mention some of the actions you can take easily to making our planet a healthy place to live. Believe this: Your actions can make a huge difference. Start today!

  1. Use reusable bags. A simple thing, right? You can make a huge difference just by using reusable bags and avoiding the plastic ones. As you may know, plastic is one of the most contaminants in our world and we should stop considerably its use. Going green and help our earth is easier than you think, with baby steps you can be an example for others and show how simple is taking care of our world.
  2. Recycle as much as you can. If you recycle only one can of coke you’re saving enough energy to watch your tv for three hours.
  3. Reuse plastic. As we mentioned in the first point, plastic is very toxic and less you use and less you throw away, the better. Drink water from a reusable bottle and avoid buying frequently.
  4. Reduce meat. It’s ok if you don’t want to be vegetarian, is a personal way of living that everybody should be free to choose. If aren’t willing to give up animal products, just try to reduce the quantity of them. Not only you’ll be contributing to your health by increasing the intake of vegetables, but also, you’ll be reducing your carbon footprint. Industry produces more greenhouse gas emissions than vehicular transport.
  5. Conserve water: is impossible exist without it and if we don’t conserve it maybe it won’t last forever. Preserving water is caring for our earth and our future, don’t waste it! Use it responsibly and stay conscious of its relevance.
  6. Contaminate: a Large amount of waste is in the world and have been produced by us. Why we have the streets full of trash? Why we create products that are so difficult to degrade? Companies are expelling incredible amounts of carbon dioxide per day and we can help by recycling and use products that are biodegradable.
  7. Energy: Like water, we waste so much energy daily that unfortunately, is one of the main enemies of our earth. Humans use energy from fossil fuels like natural gas, oil, etc. this generates a large amount of carbon oxide and nitrogen oxide that is one of the principals responsible for climate change. Save energy as much as you can, turn off the light that you aren’t using and all the devices you don’t need. You can make the difference.
  8. Be kind: Yes, is very important. If you practice kindness every day you’re making the difference and contributing to make this world a better place to live. There are so many things we can do each day to stop the deterioration of our planet. We mentioned the most basic ones, start with those and you’ll be helping enormously.

 

 

Top factors that cause the extinction

We have mentioned several times the word extinction, but we haven’t honestly talked about the causes of it. Of all the species that have lived since the beginning of days, more than 99 percent are now extinct, and part of the remaining species are endangered. Why?

As time goes by, more and more plants and animals are on the verge of extinction because of different factors, and as you might know, humans are one of the biggest threats to the planet. Extinctions have happened numerous times throughout our history and they were caused by natural events like volcanic eruptions. Nowadays the situation has changed and the factors are not only natural. Here you have the top causes of our current extinctions:

  1. Overhunting. The Homo sapiens have been on the planet approximately the last 50 thousand years. We can’t blame our race for all the extinctions, but we can definitely say that humans have been fundamental to today’s ecological havoc. The hunting of the fur, organs, the ivory of elephants, sharks, baby bears, monkeys, etc. are just some examples of the human predation. Live animals have been sold to people that desire an exotic animal as pets or for medical research. Even the legal hunting is affecting the species lead it them to become endangered.
  2. Habitat destruction. It is currently the number one cause of the existing extinctions. Today, more than 13 million hectares of forest have been destroyed causing the death of many species. Deforestation has ended an uncountable amount of our ecosystem and is still affecting a big part of our planet. Every living organism needs a place to live where he can find the food and allows the procreation. Humans are destroying habitats in different ways: buildings, clearing forests, paving over meadows, draining rivers, and more.
  3. Pollution. Carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, petroleum, sulfur dioxide and others chemicals are interfering with the balance of nature. Species are unable to cope with those contaminants and they’re dying because of it.
  4. Climate change. As all we may know, climate change is a constant danger to all the species of the earth. The past years we have lived so many variations of our environment that are affecting the planet and all the living organisms considerably. The winter is colder than ever, and the summer is hotter. We have hasty weather changes that are not supposed to happen and we all can appreciate that’s something is happening and we should take actions to prevent fatal consequences.

If the world was more informed about what is happening and instead of destroying environments we join together to recover our planet, we might succeed. Extinctions of species affects us all and is getting worse. Of course, it’s fair to say that extinctions can happen without human intrusion because they’re part of evolution but we’re contributing enormously in the process making everything worse.

Extinction is forever. We’re losing biodiversity and is a massive threat to humanity.

Plausible Sightings of Extinct Tasmanian Tiger Sparks Search in Queensland

Zoologists in Queensland are in a tizzy. It seems that plausible possible sightings of a Tasmanian tiger in Northern Queensland has triggered scientists to undertake a search for the species long thought to have died out more than 80 years ago.

The last Tasmanian tiger was thought to have died in Hobart Zoo in 1936. It was also widely believed to have become extinct on mainland Australia at least 2,000 years ago. As of late, sightings of some large dog-like animals that are neither dingoes nor foxes have spiked in the recent decades despite the common skepticism that surrounded the accounts.

It was the recent eyewitness accounts of potential thylacines in the far Northern Queensland that became the catalyst for scientists from James Cook University to launch a search for the animal.

It is Professor Bill Laurance said that he had spoken, at some length, with two people about the animals they had seen in Cape York peninsula that could potentially be Tasmanian tigers. The accounts of the sightings were quite plausible as the descriptions of the animals were quite detailed.

One was a long standing employee of the Queensland National Park Services and the other was a frequent camper in the north of the state. The professor said all the potential sightings to date had been at night. “In one case, four animals were observed at close rage–about 20 feet away–with a spotlight.”

The detailed descriptions of the eyes, shape, and behavior were inconsistent with the known attributes of other large species in the north Queensland. The common animals in the area are dingoes, wild dogs, or feral pigs.

The sightings occurred at two separate locations on the Cape York peninsula but the specific details of the locations are being kept confidential. “Everything is being handled with strict confidence,” says Laurance.

He mentioned people who claimed to have seen a thylacine were “quite nervous about relating their tales for fear of being branded kooks or fringe types”.

Even English ethologist, evolutionary biologist and author, Richard Dawkins has tweeted hopefully regarding news of the study. “Can it be true? Has Thylacinus been seen alive? And in mainland Australia not Tasmania? I so want it to be true.”

Sandra Abell, a researcher with James Cook University’s Center for Tropical Environmental and Sustainability Science who was leading the field survey has said that they had been contacted with more possible sightings since their intentions were made known to the public. She was in the process of deciding on sites for more than 50 cameras that will be set up on Cape York peninsula. Their target date shall be at the onset of the dry season in April or May.

Abell also said even if a thylacine was not detected, the survey would inform the center’s understanding of the status of rare and endangered mammal species on the peninsula. It seems that several mammals, including the northern bettong, were at risk from introduced predators.

“It is a low possibility that we’ll find thylacines, but we’ll certainly get lots of data on the predators in the area and that will help our studies in general,” she said.  It was “not impossible” there were thylacines to be found. “It is not a mythical creature. A lot of descriptions people give, it’s not a glimpse in the car headlights. People who say they’ve actually seen them can describe them in great detail–so it’s hard to say they’ve seen anything else. I’m not ruling it out at all, but to actually get them on camera will be incredibly lucky.”

We’re all hoping the rediscovery of a thriving Tasmanian tiger, aren’t you?

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